Association of Philadelphia School Librarians

Re-establishing School Library Programming
(Certified Librarians, Paraprofessionals, Technology and Books)
in EVERY school in the School District of Philadelphia

Three-Year Financial Plan
funded through
President Obama's Federal Stimulus Plan

Presented to the
School Reform Commission
School District of Philadelphia
440 North Broad Street
April 22, 2009

Parents United for Public Education
Contact: Helen Gym

Philadelphia ACORN
and the
Philadelphia Student Union
Contact: Lauren Jacobs


Rationale: Benefits to students' academic achievement
Lance, Keith Curry, et al. Measuring Up to Standards: The Impact of School Library Programs & Information Literacy in Pennsylvania Schools. PDE, 2000.

Three Year Plan
Unit Costs Of Implementing Library Services With Qualified Staff, Programming And Technology in SDP School Libraries,
2009-2010, 2010-2011, 2011-2012
Pennsylvania Guidelines for School Library Programs. Department of Education, Commonwealth Libraries, 2005.| viewed 4/15/09

Location Implementation by Year

Next 3 Steps to Advocate for Certified Librarians and School Library Resources and
What to say to a City Council representative or other policy or decision make

Remarks to the School Reform Commission April 22, 2009

Rationale--Benefits to students' academic achievement through investment in school library programming

Lance, Keith Curry, et al. Measuring Up to Standards: The Impact of School Library Programs & Information Literacy in Pennsylvania Schools. PDE, 2000.

Executive Summary
Pennsylvania school library programs can make a difference supporting the efforts of schools to measure up to standards. Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) reading scores increase with increases in the following characteristics of school library programs: staffing, information technology, and integration of information literacy into the curriculum. In addition, as library staffing, information resources and information technology rise, so too does the involvement of school librarians in teaching students and teachers how to find and assess information. The relationship between staffing and test scores is not explained away by other school or community conditions.

Test scores increase as school librarians spend more time:
• teaching cooperatively with teachers;
• teaching information literacy skills independently;
• providing in-service training to teachers;
• serving on standards committee;
• serving on curriculum committee; and
• managing information technology.

How Much Can Scores Rise With Good School Library
When all library predictors are maximized (e.g., staffing, library expenditures, information resources and technology, and information literacy activities of library staff), PSSA reading scores tend to run 10 to 15 points higher.

Students' academic achievement is supported by investment in school library programming when all elements of the program are in place--certified school librarian, paraprofessional assistance, adequate and current resources and technology. Piecemeal implementation does not produce the desired result of academic gains. Therefore, the unit costs below, adjusted for inflation as necessary, must be a line item in the budget of every school in the School District of Philadelphia.
Items for complete library programming include: Certified librarian, LIMA, tech assistance, books, computers, and AccessPA/POWER Library.
Some costs are initial, some annual, some are replacement costs over years.


Pennsylvania Guidelines for School Library Programs. Department of Education, Commonwealth Libraries, 2005.| viewed 4/15/09

Recommended staffing reflects time spent on library duties and responsibilities only. [Preparation periods are not a duty of the certified school librarian.]

Number of students
Under 500
to 1500
to 2500+

SDP annual budget allotment for school librarian = $ 93,600 (2009-2010)


BUILDING ENROLLMENT MINIMUM # each of LIMAs and Technology Support Personnel
Number of students

Under 500
1 LIMA, 1 tech
1 LIMA, 1 tech
to 1500
2 LIMAs, 2 techs
2 LIMAs, 2 techs
to 2500+
3 LIMAs, 3 techs
3 LIMAs, 3 techs
to 2500-over
4 LIMAs, 4 techs
4 LIMAs, 4 techs

SDP annual budget allotment for Instructional Media Assistant = $ 54,400 (2009-2010)

*SDP Library Instructional Media Assistants, L.I.M.A.s
SDP Technology Teacher Leader and/or technology assistant in the building can share in this assignment.

Alternative paraprofessional (LIMA) plan for SDP:
One LIMA serves 3 schools in a region each week, according to school enrollment--2 days in one school, 1.5 days in two other schools, for a total of five days each week. 91 LIMAs total.
Number of Schools
Number of LIMAs per region
Central East
9 [Edison HS maintains SSA 4 hrs./day, M-F]
Comprehensive High Schools
9 [Frankford HS maintains SSA 4 hrs./day, M-F]

This amount represents annual expenditure per student, page 21

Elementary School
Middle/Jr. High School
High School

21st century technology for library: Initial start-up cost
Anticipated future costs include replacement of computers after four years. (Replaced computers can be used in classrooms.)

Cost for full library lab with teacher laptop, activeboard and projector:

Laptops, MacBook: 32 @ $1,320 (ea.) = $42,240.


Bretford 32-unit potable laptop storage cart
1 @ $2,200. (ea.) = $2,200.


Desktops 32 @ $1,209 (ea.) = $38,688.

Activeboard with mounted projector = $2,226.

Laptop for librarian’s use 1 @ $1580. = $1580.

Total(s): w/desktops = $44,694.
w/ laptops = $48,246.

Cost for library mini-lab – 16 student computers with teacher laptop, activeboard with mounted projector:

Total(s): w/desktops = $23,150.
w/laptops = $24,926.

Sources:, viewed 4/19/2009

AccessPA/POWER Library (estimated $40,000 package) annual cost (PA subsidized) = $180.00
plus any other electronic subscriptions.

77 school library programs to be fully funded to the amounts indicated above; a certified school librarian is already in place.

Note--Greenberg, Powel, James Rhoads, High School of the Future, Olney East High School and Olney West High School each employ the services of a part-time certified librarian. That position must be a full time position for the maximum academic benefit to students.

Central East Region
Cramp, William School
Taylor, Bayard School

Central Region
Dobbins, Murrell High School
Engineering & Science High
Franklin Learning Center
Masterman, Julia R. High School.
Science Leadership Academy
Bache-Martin School
Morris, Robert School

East Region
Amy 5 At James Martin
Harding, Warren G. Middle School
Juniata Park Academy
Lawton, Henry W. School
Mayfair School
Webster, John H. School

Comprehensive High School Region
Audenried, Charles Y. Sr. High
Edison, Thomas A. High School
Fels, Samuel High School
Fitzsimons, Thomas High School
Frankford High School
Franklin, Benjamin High School
Germantown High School
Gratz, Simon High School
High School Of The Future P.T. LIBRARIAN
King, Martin Luther High School
Lincoln, Abraham High School
Northeast High School
Olney East High School P.T. LIBRARIAN
Olney West High School P.T. LIBRARIAN
Overbrook High School
Penn, William High School
Roxborough High School
Sayre, William L. High School
South Philadelphia High School
Strawberry Mansion High School
University City High School
Washington, George High School
West Philadelphia High School

North Region
Girls, Philadelphia High School For
Mastbaum, Jules E. High School
Birney, Gen. David B. School
Carnell, Laura H. School
Lowell, James R. School
Morrison, Andrew J. School

Northeast Region
Arts Academy At Benjamin Rush
Swenson Arts/Tech High School
Meehan, Austin Middle School
Wilson, Woodrow Middle School
Comly, Watson School
Decatur, Stephen School
Frank, Anne School
Greenberg, Joseph School P.T. LIBRARIAN
Hancock, John School
Moore, J. Hampton School
Rhawnhurst School
Solis-Cohen, Solomon School
Spruance, Gilbert School

Northwest Region
Central High School
Parkway-Northwest High School
Widener Memorial School
Kinsey, John L. School
Pastorius, Francis D. School

South Region
Academy At Palumbo
Bok, Edward High School
Creative And Performing Arts
Sharswood, George School

Southwest Region
Shaw, Anna H. Middle School
Anderson, Add B. School
Harrity, William F. School
Lea, Henry C. School
Morton, Thomas G. School
Patterson, John M. School
Penn Alexander School
Penrose School

West Region
Lamberton,Robert E High School
Dobson, James School
Drew, Charles R. School
Leidy, Joseph School

[Assessment of the facilities for 2011-2012 cohort must start during 2009-2010.]

66 School library programs to be fully funded as indicated above, because a library facility is in place, or it is an empowerment school.
Empowerment School I (first cohort) = E I
Empowerment School II (second cohort) = E II

SDP empowerment school listing-- viewed 4/19/09

Central East Region
Bodine, William W. High School
Cayuga School
Elkin, Lewis School
Potter-Thomas School
Stetson Middle School--E I
Dunbar--E I
Clemente Middle School--E II
DeBurgos--E II
Penn Treaty--E II
Ferguson--E II
Munoz-Marin--E II
Hunter--E II

Central Region
Clymer, George School
Harrison, William H. School
Ludlow, James R. School
Peirce, Thomas M. School
Blaine--E I
Douglass--E I
Hill--E II

Comprehensive High School Region
Bartram High School--E I
Furness High School--E II
Rhodes High School--E II

East Region
Allen, Ethan School
Disston, Hamilton School
Sullivan, James J. School
Smedley--E I
Stearne--E I
Carroll High School--E II
Jones Middle School--E II
Edmunds, H. R.--E II
Hopkinson--E II

North Region
Gillespie Middle School--E I
Cooke--E I
Feltonville Arts & Sciences Middle School--E II
Kenderton--E II
Bethune--E II

Northeast Region
Baldi Middle School
Fitzpatrick, A. L. School
Loesche, William H. School
Holme--E II

Northwest Region
Philadelphia Military Academy @ Leeds
Amy Northwest
Hill-Freedman Middle School
Leeds, Morris E. Middle School
Roosevelt, Theodore Middle School
Kelly, John B. School
Ellwood--E II
Pennell--E II
Wister--E II

South Region
Girard Academic Music Program
Arthur, Chester A. School
Girard, Stephen School
Mc Call, Gen. George A. School
Nebinger, George W. School
Southwark School
Taggart, John H. School
Vare Middle School--E II
Jackson--E II

Southwest Region
Wilson, Alexander School
Bryant--E I
Pepper Middle School--E II

West Region
Robeson, Paul High School
Beeber, Dimner Middle School
Barry, John Elementary School
Levering, William School
Mifflin, Thomas School
Lamberton Elementary--E II
Lock--E II
Bluford--E II
Mann--E II
Cassidy--E II

[Assessment of the facilities for 2011-2012 cohort must be completed during 2010-2011.]

115 school library programs to be fully funded as indicated above. No certified school librarian is in place.
Assessment of all library facilities completed prior to this year.

Central East Region
Constitution High School
Philadelphia Military Academy @ Elverson
Conwell, Russell Middle School
Adaire, Alexander School
Brown, Henry A. School
Fairhill School
Hackett, Horatio B. School
Hartranft, John F. School
Mc Clure, Alexander K. School
Mc Kinley, William School
Moffet, John School
Sheppard, Isaac A. School
Welsh, John School

Central Region
Parkway Center City High School
Philadelphia High School For Business
Allen, Dr. Ethel School
Dick, William School
Duckrey, Tanner School
Gideon, Edward School

East Region
Douglas,Stephen A. High School
Kensington Business, Finance
Kensington C.A.P.A.
Kensington Culinary Arts
Sheridan West Academy
Bridesburg School
Forrest, Edwin School
Marshall, John School
Richmond School
Sheridan, Philip H. School
Willard, Frances E. School
Ziegler, William H. School
Kearny, Gen. Philip School
Kelley, William D. School
Meade, Gen. George G. School
Pratt, Anna B. School
Reynolds, Gen. John F. School
Spring Garden School
Stanton, M. Hall School
Waring, Laura W. School
Whittier, John G. School
Wright, Richard R. School

Comprehensive High School Region
Vaux, Robert High School

North Region
Washington, Grover Jr.
Barton School
Cleveland, Grover School
Creighton, Thomas School
Feltonville Intermediate
Finletter, Thomas K. School
Franklin, Benjamin School
Marshall, Thurgood School
Olney Elementary School
Steel, Edward School

Northeast Region
Labrum,Gen Harry Middle School
Brown, Joseph H. School
Crossan, Kennedy C. School
Farrell, Louis H. School
Fox Chase School
Pollock, Robert B. School

Northwest Region
Lankenau High School
Saul, Walter B. High School
Day, Anna B. School
Edmonds, Franklin S. School
Emlen, Eleanor C. School
Fitler Academics Plus
Fulton, Robert School
Henry, Charles W. School
Houston, Henry H. School
Howe, Julia Ward School
Jenks, John S. School
Lingelbach, Anna L. School
Logan, James School
Mc Closkey, John F. School
Pennypacker, Samuel School
Prince Hall
Rowen, William School

South Region
Barratt, Norris S. Middle School
Alcorn, James School
Bregy, F. Amedee School
Childs, George W. School
Fell, D. Newlin School
Greenfield, Albert M. School
Jenks, Abram School
Key, Francis Scott School
Kirkbride, Eliza B. School
Mcdaniel, Delaplaine School
Meredith, William M. School
Smith, Walter G. School
Stanton, Edwin M. School
Vare, Abigail School
Washington, George School

Southwest Region
Communications Technology HS
Motivation HS
Tilden Middle School
Catharine, Joseph School
Comegys, Benjamin B. School
Hamilton, Andrew School
Harrington, Avery D. School
Huey, Samuel B. School
Longstreth, William C. School
Mitchell Elementary School

West Region
Parkway West High School
Randolph Technical High School
Mya-Middle Years Alternative
Sulzberger, Mayer Middle School
Blankenburg, Rudolph School
Cook-Wissahickon School
Daroff, Samuel School
Gompers, Samuel School
Heston, Edward School
Mc Michael, Morton School
Overbrook Educational Center
Overbrook Elementary School
Shawmont School
Washington, Martha School

Next 3 Steps to Advocate for Certified Librarians and School Library Resources

1. Your organization must endorse the plan. See "Endorsements" under title.

2. Contact the following policy and decision makers to stress that
certified school librarians and library resources, including books and technology, need to be line items in the budget of EVERY school.

Dr. Ackerman 215-400-4000 (Ask for Dr. Ackerman's office)
School Reform Commission 215-400-4010

Your City Council representative:
1st District - Frank DiCicco (215) 686-3458
2nd District - Anna C. Verna (215) 686-3412, (215) 686-3413
3rd District - Jannie L. Blackwell (215) 686-3418
4th District - Curtis Jones, Jr. (215) 686-3416, (215) 686-3417
5th District - Darrell L. Clarke (215) 686-3442, (215) 686-3443
6th District - Joan L. Krajewski (215) 686-3444, (215) 686-3445
7th District - Maria D. Quiñones-Sánchez (215) 686-3448
8th District - Donna Reed Miller (215) 686-3424
9th District - Marian B. Tasco (215) 686-3454, (215) 686-3455
10th District - Brian J. O'Neill (215) 686-3422, (215) 686-3423

Plus City Council Education Committee members--
*Jannie Blackwell (215) 686-3418
*Blondell Reynolds Brown (215) 686-3438
Frank DiCicco (215) 686-3458
W. Wilson Goode, Jr. (215) 686-3414
William K. Greenlee (215) 686-3446
Frank Rizzo (215) 686-3440
Maria D. Quiñones-Sánchez (215) 686-3448

*Bill Green (215) 686-3420

Plus at-large:
Jack Kelly (215) 686-3452
James F. Kenney (215) 686-3450

3. Inform local Home and School members about the importance of certified school librarians and library resources, including books and technology, needing to be line items in the budget of EVERY school. Encourage them to make phone calls to persons listed above, also.

What to say to a City Council representative on the telephone:

Hello. My name is .

I am a resident of Philadelphia and I vote.

I am a parent / grandparent / concerned citizen. I am calling you because you represent my district / are on the City Council Education Committee / are a City Council Member-at-Large.

School libraries support student literacy and academic achievement. Research studies prove it.

Every Philadelphia public school needs a school library with a certified librarian, including (name your school here). Because a school library is a classroom, only a certified librarian meets the highly qualified teacher requirement of No Child Left Behind. Other people can work or volunteer in the (school name here) school library, but only a certified librarian meets the highly qualified requirement of No Child Left Behind, so that’s why (name of school) needs a certified librarian.

(Name of school) needs library resources. (Name of school) needs enough money in its budget so that the certified librarian can purchase books that my child wants to read / supports my child’s classwork / provides multicultural authors. My child’s school library needs enough money in the budget to provide up-to-date computers and programs.

My child’s school (or name of school) must have a certified librarian and library resources as line items in the school budget every year.

As City Council member, you need to vote to adopt a School District of Philadelphia budget that includes those two things for every school in the city.

Thank you.

P.S. The words in italics can be changed according to the policy maker or decision maker that you are addressing.

Remarks, SRC meeting, 4/22/09, 6:00 p.m.
Carol Heinsdorf, M.S.L.S.
Association of Philadelphia School Librarians

Good evening Mr. Archie, Ms. Armbrister, Mr. Irizarry, and Dr. Ramirez.

I am Carol Heinsdorf, from the Association of Philadelphia School Librarians, known as APSL. For over thirty years, APSL has upheld the principles of exemplary school library service to students. Dr. Ackerman has listened to APSL members, parents and teachers at Imagine 2014 public sessions where concern was expressed repeatedly that libraries were not supported. Imagine 2014 now has been amended to mention libraries serving high school students. What about the greater number of elementary school students, fifty percent of whom are likely doomed not to finish high school, many of whom do not speak English as a first language and have no English language books at home?

Our Declaration of Educational Goals states that 80% of all grade 3 students will read on grade level. Almost half of our third graders read below grade level now and most elementary schools have no library. Could there be a connection? It also states that 100% of schools will have equity in facilities, programs and resources. Does that include elementary schools? Imagine, in 2014, if our youngest students had the ability to borrow a book to read for pleasure. Exemplary library programming that includes our youngest students will increase literacy and academic achievement, provide equity of access to information, and foster life-long learning.

Next year, only 75 certified librarians will be left, most in high schools. Students now arrive in 9th grade not knowing how to use the library or services because they have had no prior experience or instruction in library usage. How are these students to catch up on research skills necessary for a successful college career?

Mr. Archie has stated that this SRC will pursue the goals set by Ms. Dungee Glenn, a staunch school library advocate. To quote, regarding “Adequately staffed libraries –With the explosion of information supported by modern technology, whether seeking reading choices or research sources for an assignment, students benefit from having libraries where trained librarians are available to help them identify appropriate materials and reliable resources." Research shows that a certified school librarian and maximized library programming add 10 to 15 points to PSSA scores.

Library programming must be a line item in the budget of EVERY school. Federal stimulus money is available to be used for school libraries. This SRC needs to assure maximized library programming, with certified school librarians, for ALL of our students.

In your folder is a simple three year plan to re-establish library programming, with certified librarians, in ALL schools. The plan starts with supporting library programs where they now exist with certified librarians, moves on to Dr. Ackerman’s Empowerment schools and schools where libraries exist without a certified librarian, to those schools missing both a certified librarian and a supported library. The costs are simple to calculate-- that of a certified librarian, a paraprofessional, and the dollar amounts allocated per student for resources to achieve the PDE annual recommended investment.

Equitable, exemplary library programming frees librarians of scheduled classes so that they and the library are available to students throughout the whole school day. If certified librarians appear to be scarce, provide to them the same increased compensation made available for other teachers in hard to staff positions.

For concerns regarding the viability of school library services, please confer with the District’s own experts, the 77 certified librarians who are educated specifically to the needs of, and academic programming for, children in our urban environment. APSL is filled with these specialists, several members being here today.

It is your job to be good stewards to our students, making sure that certified librarians are available to create connections between children and resources. Certified librarians will be the foremost collaborators in each school, instructing both teachers and students in technology and information.

School library programming must be a line item in the budget of EVERY school. The cost is simple to calculate. The benefits are proven. Federal stimulus money must be allocated to school libraries. YOU must make it happen.

Our students will be the beneficiaries in equality of resources, improved literacy, and increased academic achievement.

Thank you for your attention.

Carol Heinsdorf
3 Year Plan available on-line at; click on Three Year Plan from left column.